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Was India's Knowledge Elitist?


on 2019/1/6 9:43:48 ( 583 reads )

Source

INDIA, December 32, 2018 (New Indian Express by Michel Danino): Indian civilization's obsession with knowledge was our last "master idea," with endless and still poorly explored contributions in nearly every field ("India as a Knowledge Creator", The New Indian Express, 29 November). But there is another side to the story, which in many ways characterizes the paradox of Indian culture. No Indian university, IIT or IIM has a regular, comprehensive course on Indian knowledge systems (IKS) (though IIT Gandhinagar made a beginning a few years ago). There are, no doubt, a few scattered courses on systems of ancient science (IIT Bombay and Kharagpur), and a few universities teach courses on Indian philosophical systems or even "Indology," whatever that means. By and large, however, indifference, neglect, or hostility to IKS is the rule. All three are part of India's colonial legacy. Many Indian academics and intellectuals have implicitly or explicitly accepted that knowledge from the West is the "real" thing.

In 1920, Sri Aurobindo wrote to his younger brother, "I believe that the main cause of India's weakness is not subjection, nor poverty, nor a lack of spirituality or Dharma, but a diminution of thought-power, the spread of ignorance in the motherland of Knowledge. Everywhere I see an inability or unwillingness to think--incapacity of thought or thought-phobia." The last term perfectly applies to our cultural negationists of the day. Indian knowledge systems were not "elitist" or exclusivist, even if specialized fields did exist for the various castes. Overall, while they invoked lofty concepts, they were often remarkably pragmatic. No, they did not tell us how to construct vimanas or nuclear weapons; instead, they sought to equip the society with all the tools it needed for a complete development in the material, aesthetic, intellectual, ethical and spiritual fields.

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