KERALA, INDIA, October 3, 2021 (Aljazeera): Deftly parrying her son with a bamboo cane, Meenakshi Amma’s prowess at Kalari – thought to be India’s oldest martial art – belies her 78 years. The great-grandmother in Kerala, southern India, has been a driving force in the revival of Kalarippayattu – as the ancient practice is also known – and in encouraging girls to take it up. “I started Kalari when I was seven. I am still practicing, learning and teaching,” said the matriarch of the Kadathanad Kalari Sangham school, founded by her late husband in 1949. “When you open the newspapers, you only see news of violence against women. When women learn this martial art, they feel physically and mentally strong and it makes them confident to work and travel alone.”

Kalari, which contains elements of dance and yoga, can involve weapons such as swords, shields and staffs. Reputedly 3,000 years old and mentioned in ancient Hindu scriptures, it remains infused with religion in the present day. India’s British colonial rulers banned the practice in 1804 but it survived underground before a revival in the early 20th century and after independence in 1947. Now it is recognized as a sport and practiced all over India.