The Zero Rupee Note: a Clever Tool in the Battle Against Bribery
Vijay anand is president and co-founder of 5th Pillar, an NGO created in 2006 to fight corruption in India. Its stated mission is to go beyond the “four pillars of democracy”—legislative, executive, judiciary and electoral—to work for a bribe-free society. Its main tool is the zero-rupee note. To comply with counterfeiting laws, the note is only printed on one side. Otherwise, it looks like a standard 50-rupee note, Gandhi and all. It carries the slogan, “I promise to neither accept nor give bribe,” as well as the url for the 5th Pillar’s website.
The group’s primary target is government officials who demand bribes for services that are supposed to be free, such as obtaining a driver’s license. According to Anand, the campaign is proving effective.
Soon after the note was created, massive zero-rupee-note banners were carried to more than 1,200 schools, colleges and public gatherings. Over the following five years, more than 500,000 people signed banners as their pledge against corruption in the country. Many students volunteered to be messengers of anti-corruption to Indian society. Altogether, 5th Pillar has put some 2.5 million notes into circulation.
The Healing Power of Placebos
A 2011 study conducted by Ted Kaptchuk of Harvard, and published by The Royal Society’s journal Philosophical Transactions, sought to explain the known effectiveness of placebos in healing by comparing them to traditional ritual healing ceremonies. The study postulates that the administration of a placebo by a medical professional is itself a ritual, and it has an actual healing function.
Comparing Navajo healing ceremonies, among others, to routine biomedical, pharmacological and procedural interventions, the study showed that such procedures contain significant ritual dimensions. “Healing rituals create a receptive person susceptible to the influences of authoritative, culturally sanctioned ‘powers.’ The healer provides the sufferer with imaginative, emotional, sensory, moral and aesthetic input derived from the palpable symbols and procedures of the ritual process.”
In short, placebos use the subtle power of ritual to stimulate the body to heal itself.
Meenakshi Temple App
Your next pilgrimage to Indian holy sites can be a lot easier, thanks to a new app, an audio guide called Pinakin from Chennai-based Aseuro Technologies. The initial release can guide you through the famous Meenakshi Sundareswarar Temple in Madurai, Tamil Nadu, explaining its history, stories, dress code, temple rules, architectural marvels, hours of worship, and even parking and dining options.
Pictures and text supplement the audio as you explore. For example, you can select “rotating Lingam” and learn about an unusual painting on the ceiling of one hallway. All the information is downloaded to your device, so you need not be online. The app will soon include guides to Belur temple, Mahabalipuram, Mysore Palace, Kanchipuram and other historic landmarks.
A Hindu-American Olympian
Denver-born Rajeev Ram won a silver medal at the Rio Olympic games. He joins a small group of Hindu-American Olympic medalists that includes artistic gymnasts Mohini Bhardwaj, who won a silver medal in 2004, and Raj Bhavsar, who won bronze in 2008. Rajeev won the medal in tennis mixed doubles, partnered with famous tennis star Venus Williams.
“Hindu Americans are used to having successful scholars, entrepreneurs and physicians, and have excelled in many professional realms with the exception of sports,” University of Florida religion professor Vasudha Narayanan noted. “This is the last frontier, some believe, a sure way of being woven into the American fabric.”
The son of Indian immigrants from Bengaluru, Rajeev credits his Hindu upbringing with giving him the self-control needed to become a successful athlete: “Your body’s going to do what your mind tells it to do. If you can have that inner control, a sense of peace, your body’s going to follow,” he told the Washington Post.
India Bans the Use of Animal Products in Making Silver Leaf
In august, 2016, india’s food Safety and Standards Authority set new rules for silver leaf, which is often used to decorate sweets (like burfi), pan and packaged supari. An official explained a banned method: “The silver leaf is prepared by placing small, thin strips of silver between the intestines of cows and buffaloes and continuously hammering these bundles for up to eight hours a day until the desired thickness of silver is achieved.”
As reported in Times of India, the process was found to be offensive and unhygienic, posing potential risk to consumers. This ruling protects the purity of vegetarians, as to date the sheets do not carry a green dot or maroon dot, India’s marking system designating veg or non-veg products. An additional concern was the presence of traces of heavy metals in silver leaf, such as nickel, lead, chromium and cadmium, which are harmful to health.
Diwali Honored on a Canadian Coin and a US Stamp
In september, 2016, the royal Canadian Mint and the US Postal Service honored the Hindu festival of Diwali—Canada with gold and silver coins, and the US with a postage stamp.
The gold Diwali coin was designed by Canadian artist Meera Sethi, inspired by the colorful Indian folk art of Rangoli, which traditionally adorns entrances and floors during Diwali, the Hindu festival of lights. The gold coin’s floral-inspired geometric pattern incorporates numerous cultural symbols, as does the silver coin, which was designed by Sarindar Dhaliwal.
Diwali is celebrated by Indo-Canadians across the country. As most reside in the Greater Toronto area and Vancouver, these important communities are represented on the coin by each province’s official floral emblem, the trillium and the Pacific dogwood. Key spiritual symbols, such as those associated with Sikhism and Jainism, surround a ring of clay diyas, the small lamps that light up homes and hearts during Diwali. The most widely known Canadian symbol, the maple leaf, forms an inner ring around the sacred symbol Aum, the eternal sound of creation, which is positioned in the center to release spiritual energy in all directions.
For 2016 the mint produced 275 gold coins which sell for us$2,089 at bit.ly/DiwaliGoldCoin, and 8,500 of the silver which sell for $68.70 at bit.ly/DiwaliSilverCoin. The coins will be produced each year.
The U.S. Postal Service is commemorating Diwali with a “Forever” first-class stamp that can always be used for a one-ounce letter. The first-day-of-issue dedication ceremony was held on October 5, 2016, at the Consulate General of India in New York. The stamp is available at
The US Postal Service receives approximately 40,000 suggestions for stamp ideas annually from the public. These are reviewed by the Citizens’ Stamp Advisory Committee, who select approximately 25 topic suggestions for commemorative stamps and submit them for the Postmaster General’s approval. There has been widespread public support for a Diwali stamp for the last 12 years. With its production, there are now stamps for Hindu, Christian, Jewish and Muslim holidays.
Also known as Deepavali, which roughly translates as “a row of lights,” Diwali celebrates the triumph of good over evil. Spanning five days each autumn, it signals the start of the New Year in many parts of India.
HMEC 2016 in Atlanta
The eleventh annual hindu Mandir Executives Conference met September 16–18, 2016, in Atlanta, Georgia. Organized by the Vishwa Hindu Parishad of America, it was attended by more than 200 temple presidents, trustees, priests, devotees and four swamis, including Hinduism Today’s editor Paramacharya Sadasivanathaswami.
The meeting’s theme, “Awareness and awakening: the future role of Hindu mandirs and institutions,” was addressed in nearly a hundred plenary and breakout sessions over the three days.
A common concern expressed by the younger presenters is the over-use of concepts that don’t work in today’s society. For example, in the plenary session discussion conducted by the Hindu Students Council (HSC) titled “The Ticking Clock: Hindu Mandirs and the Next-Gen Challenge,” the panelist emphasized that gone are the days where reciting a scriptural text or popular epic tale can sweep someone off their feet.
As today’s students and youth try to forge a Hindu identity in the midst of their American life, they want sensible answers to questions, not vague responses. Their need today on college campuses, explained one HSC panelist, is to have a place to worship as well as a Hindu chaplain readily available to provide full spiritual and life-skills support, just as the Christian, Jewish, Muslim and Buddhist students have.
Older presenters shared their concern that the temples are not dispensing quality information in a manner that appeals to youth. “Too much religion, not enough spirituality,” was a repeated theme. Several expressed the worry that temple attendance would ultimately be impacted by a lack of interest among the next generation. There was a tangible sense of pessimism about the future of temple management.
The swamis present took a different approach. Swami Parameshananda of the Bharat Sevashram Sangha agreed that there isn’t enough spirituality in the temples, but contended that if we are going to influence others we must first change ourselves. “If we don’t live and experience the divine within us, can we expect to teach it to the next generation?” Overall, though, he assured the group that Hinduism is going to be fine.
Swami Aksharananda of Guyana gave two talks. He spoke first on the serious challenges faced by Hindus in his country and the need for strong Hindus to come there and help uplift the community. In his second talk, he dove into the controversial topic of whether all religions teach the same truth and lead to the same goal, taking the position that they most certainly do not.
Sadasivanathaswami gave an overview of the work of the Hindu community in improving the teaching of Hinduism in California schools, followed by a presentation of the major trends in 21st-century Hinduism.
The presentations were excellent and the discussions uninhibited. Participants expressed being a bit overwhelmed by the flurry of topics and hoping for more focus next year.